This became the theme of much future political discourse in Europe during the 17th century. Machiavelli stands strongly against the use of mercenariesand in this he was innovative, and he also had personal experience in Florence.
Machiavelli sets down his account and explanation of the failure of past Italian rulers and concludes with an impassioned plea to the future rulers of the nation. Founding a wholly new state, or even a new religion, using injustice and immorality has even been called the chief theme of The Prince.
He believes they are useless to a ruler because they are undisciplined, cowardly, and without any loyalty, being motivated only by money. When some of his mercenary captains started to plot against him, he had them imprisoned and executed.
Three principal writers took the field against Machiavelli between the publication of his works and their condemnation in and again by the Tridentine Index in But he lost to someone, Scipio Africanuswho showed the weakness of "excessive mercy" and who could therefore only have held power in a republic.
A prudent prince should have a select group of wise counselors to advise him truthfully on matters all the time.
He discourages liberality and favors deceit to guarantee support from the people. In some cases the old king of the conquered kingdom depended on his lords.
This type of "princedom" refers for example explicitly to the Catholic church, which is of course not traditionally thought of as a princedom.
According to Machiavelli, these are relatively easy to maintain, once founded. Finally, Machiavelli makes a point that bringing new benefits to a conquered people will not be enough to cancel the memory of old injuries, an idea Allan Gilbert said can be found in Tacitus and Seneca the Younger.
So in another break with tradition, he treated not only stability, but also radical innovationas possible aims of a prince in a political community. The kind that does not understand for itself, nor through others — which is useless to have. Additionally, being overly generous is not economical, because eventually all resources will be exhausted.
Cesare was made commander of the papal armies by his father, Pope Alexander VIbut was also heavily dependent on mercenary armies loyal to the Orsini brothers and the support of the French king. External fears are of foreign powers. Regarding two warring states, Machiavelli asserts it is always wiser to choose a side, rather than to be neutral.
A wise prince should be willing to be more reputed a miser than be hated for trying to be too generous. The way in which the word state came to acquire this modern type of meaning during the Renaissance has been the subject of many academic discussions, with this sentence and similar ones in the works of Machiavelli being considered particularly important.
One should make sure that the people need the prince, especially if a time of need should come. Certain virtues may be admired for their own sake, but for a prince to act in accordance with virtue is often detrimental to the state.
The main concern for a prince should be war, or the preparation thereof, not books.
If he cannot raise a formidable army, but must rely on defense, he must fortify his city. Physically, he believes rulers should learn the landscape of their territories. That great men should develop and use their virtue and prudence was a traditional theme of advice to Christian princes.
If your side loses, you still have an ally in the loser. Let them keep their own orders but install a puppet regime.Overview. Machiavelli composed The Prince as a practical guide for ruling (though some scholars argue that the book was intended as a satire and essentially a guide on how not to rule).
This goal is evident from the very beginning, the dedication of the book to Lorenzo de’ Medici, the ruler of Florence. The Prince was not published until after his death.
2. The recipient of the Dedication was not the famous ‘Lorenzo the Magniﬁcent’ (patron of Leonardo, Michelangelo etc.), but a grandson of his.] 1.
The Prince Niccolò Machiavelli 2: Hereditary principalities Part I. Unabridged version of THE PRINCE, by Niccolo Machiavelli and translated by N.
Thomson, offered here for chump change. FromTHE PRINCE is divided into chapters covering ruling power, be it in the office or across continents.5/5(2). The Prince 9 Nicolo Machiavelli the ruling power. So that in respect to these subject states he has not to take any trouble to gain them over to himself, for the whole of them quickly rally to the state which he has acquired there.
He has only to take care that they do not get hold of too. The theories he developed in The Prince were derived from his observation of the successes and failures of the ruling class.
The Prince is a practical guide for newly appointed rulers. In particular, Machiavelli advises rulers to cultivate favourable public opinion, secure the support of the people, and achieve specific goals.
The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Prince, by Nicolo Machiavelli This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. and to hold them securely it is enough to have destroyed the family of the prince who was ruling them; because the two peoples, preserving in other things the old conditions.Download