Her husband gives her the money he saved to buy a gun to buy a gown, and she borrows a beautiful necklace from a friend. The Loisels live, appropriately, on the Rue des Martyrs, and Mathilde feels she must suffer through a life that is well beneath what she deserves.
She is prettier than the other women, sought after by the men, and generally admired and flattered by all. Maupassant shows how the Loisels are imprisoned in their loneliness and their lack of self-worth. When Mathilde loses the necklace and sacrifices the next ten years of her life to pay back the debts she incurred from buying a replacement, her feeling of being a martyr intensifies.
Both heroines pay a terrible price for their inability to come to terms with their situation in life. Mathilde effectively relinquishes control of her happiness to objects that she does not even possess, and her obsession with the trappings of the wealthy leads to her perpetual discontent.
After looking everywhere for it, she realizes she must replace it. Her husband has a good job, but it is not prestigious enough to suit her, so she complains bitterly. He gives up his desire for a gun so that Mathilde can buy a dress, and he uncomplainingly mortgages his future to replace the necklace Mathilde loses.
Her life, in the few short hours of the party, is as she feels it should be. Her husband manages to get the couple invited to a ball, and Madame Loisel is thrilled. In contrast to Mathilde, Madame Forestier infuses objects with little power.
Both women are ultimately deceived by appearances: The fact that the necklace changes—unnoticed—from worthless to precious suggests that true value is ultimately dependent on perception and that appearances can easily deceive. Madame Loisel is not satisfied with her physical beauty alone, but yearns for wealth and extravagance.
When she finally decides to tell her friend everything, the friend has a confession of her own: However, beneath this rightness and seeming match of appearances and reality is the truth that her appearance took a great deal of scheming and work.
She longs to be just like them, and believes adamantly that being middle class is shameful: She has gotten what she wanted, and her life has changed accordingly.
Arriving home, she discovers she has lost the necklace. Usually, after 10 years, there will be a lot of money if they svae their money, but in order to pay back the necklace, they had to. This made them face poverty.
Madame Forestier does not tell Mathilde that the diamonds are fake, and Mathilde does not tell Madame Forestier that she has replaced the necklace. The necklace she had thought so valuable was not, and the things she thought so important in life robbed her of happiness.
Even the descriptions of the opulence of both settings seems interchangeable. She has a loving husband who wants her to be happy. Her lot in life has gotten worse, and Mathilde continues to believe she has gotten less than she deserves, never acknowledging the fact that she is responsible for her own fate.
Actually, in my opinion I think Madame Loisel did not only trouble herself but also her husband, her husband had to work with her for 10 years to earn back the money.
She works for 10 years to pay off the debt to the jeweler, during which time she loses her youth, her beauty and any semblance of class. She is the belle of the ball.An Analysis of Themes of Selfishness and Materialism in the Necklace by Guy De Maupassant PAGES 2. WORDS 1, View Full Essay.
More essays like this: the necklace, guy de maupassant, theme of selfishness. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. The theme of The Necklace is pursuit of happiness. many people get that mixed up, there are two parts to a theme the verb and the noun.
Pursuit is the verb and happiness is the noun. The theme is often related to the conflict from the beginning of a story. A summary of Themes in Guy de Maupassant's The Necklace.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Necklace and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
The Themes in The Necklace on Materialism PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. Wow.
Most helpful essay resource ever! Theme is important because when it is presented to certain groups of individuals, it can encourage something good, or discourage something bad.
In “The Necklace”, the negative trait of materialism is discouraged because the consequences of actions caused by that trait are shown.
The Necklace study guide contains a biography of Guy de Maupassant, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.Download